Oct 09, 2012· ANFO (or Ammonium Nitrate/Fuel Oil) is a widely used bulk industrial explosive mixture in mines and quarry operation It consists of 94 % porous Ammonium Nitrate (NH 4 NO 3), (AN) that acts as the oxidizing agent and absorbent for the fuel – 6 % number 2 fuel oil (FO), popularly known as High Speed Diesel (HSD) This forms a reasonably .
SYMPATHETIC DETONATION OF AMMONIUM NITRATE AND AMMONIUM NITRATE-FUEL OIL by R W Van Dolah, 1 F C Gibson, 2 and J N Murphy 3 ABSTRACT An investigation was made of the distances over 'ihich sympathetic detona tion of ammonium nitrate (AN) and ammonium nitrate-fuel oil (AN-FO) might be
The present invention relates to ammonium nitrate fuel oil mixtures, and includes compositions comprising (a) ammonium nitrate, (b) a fuel component, (c) a functionalized polymer component, and (d) an oil-soluble anionic surfactant, wherein the mixture of components (b), (c) and (d) form a gel that will not readily flow The compositions of the present invention provide improve fuel retention .
An ANFO mixture of 94 pct ammonium nitrate, 6 pct fuel oil is close to optimum from the perspective of minimum toxic fumes production Previous research and theory show that the detonating ANFO will produce excessive levels of nitrogen oxides if the fuel oil content is too low and will produce excessive
Ammonium nitrate has a melting point of 1700C and decomposes above 2100C It is not in itself combustible but, as it is an oxidising agent, it can assist other materials to burn, even if air is excluded Ammonium nitrate will not explode due to the friction and impact found in normal handling, but it can be detonated under heat and
Material Safety Data Sheet This material is hazardous according to criteria of NOHSC Classified as Dangerous Goods by the criteria of the Australian Code for the Transport of Explosives by Road and Rail 1 IDENTIFICATION OF THE MATERIAL AND SUPPLIER Product Name: ANFO Synonyms: Ammonium nitrate/fuel oil, ANFO 94/6 Supplier: Orica Australia .
Substance information for NA 0331 - Ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture containing only prilled ammonium nitrate and fuel oil based on the Hazardous Materials Table (Title 49 CFR 172101) to assist in preparing a risk assessment for loading, transporting and storing hazardous materials
Ammonium nitrate is used as an oxidizing agent in explosiv When ammonium nitrate is mixed with fuel oil an extreme exothermic reaction takes place This mixture (ANFO) has become popular in ,
Ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture is commercially available as pale white, gray, yellow, or pink oil-covered prills with a petroleum odor Non-commercially produced forms may be darker in color It is used for blasting rock and in some types of mining It will accelerate the burning of combustible materials The ammonium nitrate is soluble in .
Abstract: Detonation properties of mixtures of milled ammonium nitrate based fertilizers and fuels − aluminium or mineral oil − have been determined The fertilizers used were ammonium nitrate and its compositions with mineral meal; for some compositions additional amount of mineral meal was mixed with the fertilizer
It is the main component of ANFO (Ammonium Nitrate/Fuel Oil), a popular explosive, which accounts for 80 percent of the explosives used in North America Responding when AN is present
Examples of nonideal detonation can be seen in the diameter-effect plot in Fig 1 of Jackson and Short for Ammonium-Nitrate and Fuel-Oil (ANFO), as well as for Comp B and TNT near their failure diameters, where D 0 is a strong function of radius
Industrial Ammonium Nitrate Production Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound used in fertilizer (high-density ammonium nitrate or HDAN) and as an explosive in the mining, quarrying and civil construction industries (industrial ammonium nitrate also known as low density ammonium nitrate ,
Ammonium nitrate | NH4NO3 or H4N2O3 | CID 22985 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological .
Nitrogen compounds (ammonia, nitrate and nitrite) are often released on mine sites during the detonation of nitrogen-based explosives, including Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil (ANFO) which is commonly used for blasting at mine sites in British Columbia and around the world In order to protect the receiving environment from impacts related to
Dec 03, 2014· On October 9, 2013, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) cited the Adair Grain Company (dba West Fertilizer Company) following the April 17, 2013, explosion that killed 15 The citations included violations related to hazards associated with improper storage of ammonium nitrate .
Ammonium Nitrate and Fuel Oil Order CRC, c 598 [Repealed, PC 2013-1284] - 2014-02-01 EXPLOSIVES ACT Order Respecting the Assembling and Blending of Ammonium Nitrate and Fuel Oil
Sep 23, 2008· Ammonium nitrate/fuel oil, or ANFO, was used by American terrorist Timothy McVeigh on his attack on the Oklahoma City Federal Building The ,
explosives such as Ammonium Nitrate and Fuel Oil (ANFO) In this study, the effect of reaction zone ﬂow di-vergence on ANFO detonation was explored through variation of the inert conﬁnement and explosive diameter in the rate-stick geometry with cylinder expansion experiments New tests are discussed and compared to prior experiments
Ammonium nitrate fuel oil (ANFO) is a mixture of solid ammonium nitrate and mineral oil Easy handling allows it to be used safely in mining, stone quarrying, and tunnel construction The basic reaction during detonation is the decomposition of the hydrocarbon and the ammonium nitrate into CO 2, nitrogen and water
Detonations in explosive mixtures of ammonium-nitrate-fuel-oil (ANFO) confined by aluminum allow for transport of detonation energy ahead of the detonation front due to the aluminum sound speed exceeding the detonation velocity The net effect of this energy transport on the detonation is unclear
The commercial form of explosive uses ammonium nitrate and fuel oil, a combination known in the industry as ANFO It is simply poured into holes drilled in rock
May 26, 2009· the mixture is 2 US quarts of fuel oil per 50 lbs of ammonium nitrate or %937 ammonium nitrate, and %63 fuel oil A blasting cap is needed ,
ANFO  (or AN/FO, for ammonium nitrate / fuel oil) is a widely used explosive mixture The oil used is most often No 2 fuel oil, or diesel fuel, but sometimes kerosene, coal dust, or even molass ANFO under most conditions is considered a high explosive; it decomposes through detonation rather than deflagration and with a high velocity
Ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixtures Information about Ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixtures is for educational purposes only ALS Environmental provides no warranty, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy, reliability or completeness of furnished data
NL9100 is used for bulk loading of ammonium nitrate/fuel oil blasting agents in small diameter hol This hose effectively limits the build-up of static electricity and provides a path for its safe .
Oct 04, 2010· Fuel oil can also be poured onto the ammonium nitrate in approximately the correct proportions as it is poured into the blasthole For this purpose, about i gal of fuel oil for each 100 lb of ammonium nitrate will equal approximately 6 percent by weight of oil
This page contains information on the chemical Ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixtures including: 3 synonyms/identifiers; USDOT 2008 Emergency Response Guidebook initial response information
Sep 10, 2010· Ammonia compounds such as ammonium nitrate and ammonium sulfate are widely used as fertilizers, and ammonium nitrate is an oxidizer when mixed with fuel oil in the explosives ANFO and ANNM
Ammonium nitrate - fuel oil compositions comprising ammonium nitrate prills and fuel oil wherein between 15 and 90 percent w/w of said prills have an oil porosity of more than 5 g of oil per 100 g of ammonium nitrate and between 10 and 85 percent w/w of said prills have an oil porosity of less than 2 g of oil per 100 g of ammonium nitrate
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